Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a scheme launched by the Government of India which aims to strengthen the structure of primary schools (elementary education) in the country. Every child of the country can get primary education and develop his life.
The scheme has several objectives such as ending the gap between the girl child, opening primary schools and providing free education in every village town of the country, providing free text books, school dress, selecting teachers, training them continuously, schools To build additional class, to provide drinking water and toiletries. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is a uniquely decentralized scheme. For this scheme a poem called “School Chale Hum” was made which became very popular.
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When did the Sarva Shiksha Yojana start?
The scheme was launched by the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the Center in 2000-2001. The purpose of this scheme was to educate every child in the country. Its goal is to universalize elementary education (primary education).
In order to promote primary education, the Government of India has opened primary schools for rural children in a distance of 1 km and has provided facilities of upper primary school (classes 1 to 8) within a distance of 3 kilometers, making SC, ST, Children from backward classes could also attend schools.
It is the effort of the government that more and more children can get primary education. By 2000–2002, 82% of children in the 6 to 14 age group had enrolled. It is estimated that by 2010, 100% of children in this age group will be enrolled in primary schools.
Why was there a need for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan?
The level of primary education (elementary education) in India was very weak. The upper-class people of the society used to send their children to private schools and teach them. But the poor class did not have sufficient funds to teach the children.
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Therefore, the government started this scheme. Today, free education is imparted in all primary schools of the country. Along with this, all the necessary things like scholarships, free books, school dress, bags, shoes are provided free of cost to the children. This scheme has greatly improved primary education in India.
Objectives of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (sarva shiksha abhiyan) is an attempt by the community to provide opportunities for upgrading of human abilities in all children by the provision of improving the quality of education as a mission. The objectives of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan are the following:
1- To make primary education universal by 2003.
2- For all children, primary schools, education guarantee centers, alternative schools, “back to school” camps should be provided by the year 2005.
3- All children should have completed primary education up to 5 years of age by 2007.
4- All children should complete 8 years of schooling by 2010.
5- Universalization retention by the year 2010.
6- Elimination of gender inequality and social class discrimination at primary level by 2007 and primary level by 2010.
7- Emphasis will be laid on quality education at the standard of living.
4- Measures will be taken to link education with life.
9- To keep all the children in school till the year 2010.
10- To enhance the quality of primary education.
सर्व शिक्षा अभियान (sarva shiksha abhiyan) is a shared scheme of the central and state governments. In the ninth five-year plan, the central and state governments will spend in the ratio of 85:15. They will spend in the ratio of 75:25 in the Tenth Five-Year Plan and then in the ratio of 50:50 in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan.
पढ़े भारत बड़े भारत योजना (Read india big india plan)
The Government of India has launched the “Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat” scheme under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Under this scheme, children of classes 1 and 2 will be taught to write and solve mathematics questions.
Focussed Area of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
1- Educate girls as well as girls
2- Educating special needy children
3- To end the difference between child and girl child in the society. Encouraging parents to send girls to school as well.
4- To improve the quality of primary education of the country.
5- Connecting the weaker sections of the society – Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes children with the mainstream. Educate them too.
6- Promoting community solidarity
Key components of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
BRC (Block Resource Center) – Text books for primary schools are distributed from here. Along with this, dress shoes and other items are also distributed. Administrative tasks are performed.
CRC (Cluster Resource Center)
नागरिक कार्य (Civil work) – This is a major component of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Under this, up to 33% of the total project budget is invested.
Free Text Books – In order to encourage primary education, free text books are provided to all children in this scheme.
Research and Development- The education being provided under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is constantly evaluated, monitored, supervised so that children get good education. An amount of 1500 rupees is given to each school for research and evaluation. Special monitoring is done on female literacy (education of girls). Along with this, special monitoring is done on the education of children belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes. Posters, charts, sketch pens and other items are provided to children for visual textual content.
School Grants- For this project a grant of Rs 2000 is given to each school which is spent on library, beautification of the school, repair work, furniture, musical instruments and other expenses.
Teacher grant- To encourage the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, a grant of 500 rupees is given to teachers. In 2007 2008, more than 547590 teacher teachers were given or given grants.
Teacher training – To successfully implement the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme, it is very important to train the teachers. Therefore training with new syllabus, exam improvement, grading system, inclusive education for children with special attention is also given.
Yoga education in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
The Government of India has also included Yoga Education (Yogasan) under the “Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan”. Several types of schemes are being implemented for this. The government plans that 2 teachers (1 teacher and 1 teacher) will be imparted training on the subject of Yoga education on behalf of the State Educational Research and Training Council.
Yoga education is very important for the students of the school. Children remain healthy through this. They do not have any disease. Through yoga, he can concentrate well on studies. Yoga also boosts children’s confidence. This increases intelligence. This helps in achieving the goal.